Before the invention of oil painting in the importance of European painting has experienced several stages
In the 30 s of this century, Mr Ba jin and Mr Zhu guangqian had amount to · fragrance strange is the last supper painting had an intense confrontation in the press. Mr Zhu guangqian says is painting, and Mr Ba jin said: "at that time there is no modern oil paints". The European painting was introduced into China has developed into the modern oil painting phase, as a result, many people often have a misunderstanding, think that western painting is painting.
Especially in the west in ancient Europe, painting is not never have. Real oil painting, but so far, 500 years of history, while Europe has experienced the ancient painting, wax painting, Mosaic, frescoes, dry painting, opera and jotham vera's painting and oil painting of the long history of the hybrid techniques. After the 16th century painting gradually mature in the modern sense. Since the ancient times the European paintings with animal glue and plant gum. The egg as a kind of fibrin glue, is widely used in ancient Greek and Roman times. The original color is through in the egg yolk egg with the increase of the sugar, honey and FIG juice viscosity. Ancient wax painting is mainly hot wax melting, call pigments with fire on the wall or on the board, multilayer overlapping, solidification can also blow grind after modification, the last also can fine polishing. Mosaic in the eastern Roman empire of Byzantium, is to use colored stone, pottery, enamel and glass assembled together, more used to decorate the church. Frescoes is with lime sand in advance to prepare a piece of metope, can finish painting at a time before the dust layer, dry shaded pigment infiltration of lime, forming a solid calcium carbonate surface after drying, to adhere to for a long time. Dry painting is on the floor of the mortar in dry color, in the 4th century to the 13th century that the middle ages, retained the mural is basically dry painting. The last supper is neither oil paintings, nor do murals, frescoes. Leonardo Da Vinci used a rubber emulsion mixed pigment with oil, its techniques are beginning in the 13th century prevails in Italian opera technique system. Tan vera's painting history in the west is a special and affect the broad picture. Later, while the oil painting, still with vera's material as the underlying shape, transparent method with canvas cover and dye.
Vera's is English
Tempera, comes from the ancient Italian, means "reconcile" "mixing", after referring to all consist of water-soluble, plastic pigment and binder in the painting, also often list for eggs and milk cementing agent of painting. Chinese opera "eggs" "Dan opera" and so on a variety of transliteration. According to use media translation "egg white powder painting" "egg white painting" "painting" protein "tempera" and so on. Opera is not only used the egg liquid and media and other materials used, therefore, is more appropriate.
Usually people a painter USES paint to identify all kinds of pictures, with pigment contained in the adhesive (medium) for pigment, namely the toner with oil is oil paints; Toner combines with gum Arabic is watercolor; Toner and plant gum or bone glue is combination of Chinese famous oil painting pigments; Toner is combined with wax crayon or colored pencils; Toner and emulsion and so on egg is vera's paint.
Temple the special properties of the opera is that it is a kind of emulsion binder, the emulsion is a kind of more water and opaque, emulsion mixture containing oil and water two ingredients, use egg yolk or more whole eggs for emulsifier, and then into the right amount of linseed oil and resin oil. In emulsion, oil molecules stably dispersed in water, a combination of these can be a powerful emulsion, described the water emulsion mixed pigments in the picture, can dry out after several seconds, with the passage of time conjunctiva, harden, tenacity and firm no longer was dissolved by water. European ancient painter to find and use the oil-wet hydrophilic emulsion, invented the vera's painting. In addition to the eggs jotham opera, there are water loading from rubber, casein opera, etc.
Vera's paint more water when thin such as watercolor, transparent and smooth; Less water is full composed for depicted. Vera's painting to be pleasing to the eye burnish of silks and satins, natural, soft is its characteristic. Due to the pigments can quick-drying, artists do not need to wait for, in the process of drawing can be painted in a row, defect is not like a watercolor shading produced water and moisture. Vera's painting is stable, strong and the most can keep the paint vividness, life is longer than other picture (including oil).
Use egg color painting can be traced back to ancient Greece and the middle ages, is the prototype of the opera. It is said that in the 13th century Florence painter horse eboue first opera techniques, the disciple giotto, perfected, then this technique popular in Italy, the Netherlands and Flanders and other countries and regions. The formation and development of oil painting, making it once were snubbed, contemporary artists in the study of classical paintings rediscovered its artistic value, and began to explore the performance of the broader space opera painting.
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